Chapter 3

Basic Needs Sacrificed

Tobacco use is inextricably linked to poverty. Tobacco consumption varies according to socioeconomic group, but in most countries, those who tend to consume tobacco the most are the poor and the poorest and men with low education.

Map: Monthly expenditures among smokers >15 y.o.

In many ways tobacco perpetuates the vicious cycle of poverty that many smokers are in. Nicotine addiction drives smokers to spend a large proportion of their income on tobacco and reduces the amount of money available for basic necessities such as food, health care,shelter, and education. Tobacco also exacerbates poverty among families of tobacco users, who are at high risk of falling seriously ill from tobacco-related diseases and dying prematurely, thereby imposing heavy health care costs on families and depriving them of much-needed household income.

Quick Fact

Poverty and Inequality

Education level of adult smokers in ASEAN

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* The percentage of primary and less than primary.
** The percentage of lower and upper secondary.

Tobacco expenditure and basic needs

CountryPoorest households expenditure (USD) on
🚬Tobacco📚Education❤️Health👕Clothing
🇮🇩Indonesia (2013)13.2IDR 137,6521.9IDR 20,2151.2IDR 12,3284.9IDR 51,586
🇵🇭Philippines (2003)2.6PHP 1411.6PHP 871.3PHP 712.6PHP 141
🇸🇬Singapore (2012/13)16SGD 2076.6SGD 95.7133.5SGD 166.924.2SGD 30.2

Quick Fact

Price of most popular cigarette brands (per pack) relative to quantity of rice and eggs in ASEAN

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* Djarum Super was the most popular brand sold prior to May 2014. There are no licensed tobacco importers and retailers in Brunei since May 2014. Hence, there are no cigarettes being sold legally in the country at present.

Quick Fact

Annual tobacco expenditures = Lost opportunities

Cambodia

Annual expenditure of USD 201,534,701 spent on tobacco in 2014. Of these, USD 168,860,800 on manufactured cigarettes, hand-rolled cigarettes (USD 14,545,709) and loose tobacco (USD 18,128,192).

=



skuter

108,938
Motorbikes 125cc (2016) or

rumah

40,306
wooden houses in rural areas or

bubur

310,053
tons of high quality rice

Indonesia

Annual spending on cigarettes by smokers (among the poorest group) in 2013.

=



daging

14 times
the average expenditure on meat or

susu

6 times
the average expenditure on milk and eggs or

ikansayur

2 times
the average expenditure on fish and vegetables or

mortar

7 times
the average expenditure on education or

health

11 times
the average expenditure on health

Philippines

Annual expenditure of current smokers on cigarettes is USD 179.55 (PHP 8,140.80) per smoker in 2015.

=



bubur

Rice
(PhP 38/kilo) 214 kilos/year or

ikan

Fish
(PhP127.50/kilo) 63.85 kilos/year or

sayur

Green Leafy
(PhP 31.24/kilo) 261 kilos/year or

telur

Egg
(PhP 5.64 per piece) 1443 pieces of eggs

Thailand

Annual expenditure on tobacco is estimated to be USD 20.87 Billion (THB 65.76 Billion) in 2017.

=



mortar

0.69
household expenditure on education (THB 95.3 Billion) or

train

2.6
expenditure on Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) Sky train (THB 25,000 Million

Vietnam

Average annual expenditure on cigarettes is USD 132 (VND 2,656,800) per smoker in 2015.

=



health

1.25
the average expenditure on health per person or

mortar

1.85
the average expenditure on school fee per person